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4 May 2020

L ' venous insufficiency , also known in technical jargon as venous stasis, is a typical pathological disorder of the female gender, regarding the blood circulation and the greatest portion when the veins can no longer convey the right amount of blood from the extremities to the heart.

This poor ability of the veins to return blood to the heart can generally be caused by two factors: by an evident loss of elasticity of the blood vessels or by the malfunction of the valves positioned inside them, necessary to counteract the force of gravity opposes the rise of blood flow from the bottom up.

L ' venous insufficiency  is a pathology that can then be correlated to pathological alterations of the veins (stasis dermatitis, deep venous thrombosis, varicose veins) or functional overloads to which they are subjected (eg. Lymph edema, postural alterations etc.). The typical manifestation of chronic venous insufficiency is the appearance of enlarged, dilated and tortuous veins on the surface of the skin of the legs and other parts of the body.

What are the symptoms of venous insufficiency?

The diagnosis of venous insufficiency is essentially clinical and carried out through a particular instrument called ecocolordoppler, with which an evaluation of the morphology and functionality of the veins of the lower limbs is obtained. At the same time, it is a pathology that involves evident visual symptoms, which generally contribute to speeding up the path of diagnosis and treatment.

 The process begins with the appearance of ugly red blue veins on the legs due to stagnation of blood; subsequently swelling (edema) of the feet and ankles, feeling of heaviness and warmth in the legs, tingling, cramps, itching and pain appear, especially at night.

Ailments tend to get worse with the heat and when standing for a long time.

In a more advanced stage of the pathology, varicose pains and veins appear and, in the most extreme cases when the therapy is delayed a lot, you run the risk of having sores. In light of what has been said, it must be recognized that venous circulation disorders do not represent only an aesthetic problem but a disease that must be taken seriously, recognized in time and treated.

Who are people at risk of venous insufficiency?

In general it is a pathology that affects women most. In Philippines approximately 20,000,000 people are affected, especially women between the ages of forty and fifty. Venous problems often appear in people with a certain family predisposition - if some family members already suffer from varicose veins, they are more likely to suffer from this pathology.

Other risk factors are:

·         lack of movement and sedentary lifestyle

·         overweight, height (taller people are more at risk than lower ones)

·         old age

·         the pregnancy

·         the menstrual cycle

·         water retention

·         the use of hormonal contraceptives

·         constipation

·         the smoke

·         diabetes

·         stand for long periods

How to prevent chronic venous insufficiency?

As always, the saying "prevention is better than cure" applies. For this reason, and especially for those with risk factors, it is good to keep in mind some simple rules of daily life to prevent and in some cases help therapy.

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Wear the right shoes: always choose a pair of comfortable shoes, with a wide sole, preferably with low heels (3-4 cm) and try to rest the sole of the foot well, in order to help pump the calf muscles.

Always take care of your diet: in this case we recommend a diet low in fat but rich in vitamins and fiber.

Drink at least two liters per day (water, juices, herbal teas). Lack of fluids thickens the blood and this damages the veins.

You prefer numerous small meals divided during the day rather than exaggerating the quantities during the main ones: they improve digestion, less strain the circulation and facilitating the work of the veins.

Do regular physical activity: the most suitable sports are those that make your legs work, such as walking and jogging on soft ground, hiking.

Adopt some healthy life behaviors: sleep with your legs raised about ten centimeters, take a short walk during longer trips by car and plane, often get up on tiptoes and, if you smoke, try to abolish the cigarette.

The risk of vein problems can be addressed by regularly doing gymnastics for the legs and feet because it helps eliminate stasis in the legs.

 



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